#include <fcntl.h>           /* For O_* constants */
#include <sys/stat.h>        /* For mode constants */
#include <mqueue.h>

mqd_t mq_open(const char *name, int oflag);
mqd_t mq_open(const char *name, int oflag, mode_t mode,
              struct mq_attr *attr);

Link with -lrt.


mq_open() creates a new POSIX message queue or opens an existing queue. The queue is identified by name. For details of the construction of name, see mq_overview(7).

The oflag argument specifies flags that control the operation of the call. (Definitions of the flags values can be obtained by including <fcntl.h>.) Exactly one of the following must be specified in oflag:


Open the queue to receive messages only.


Open the queue to send messages only.


Open the queue to both send and receive messages.

Zero or more of the following flags can additionally be ORed in oflag:


Open the queue in nonblocking mode. In circumstances where mq_receive(3) and mq_send(3) would normally block, these functions instead fail with the error EAGAIN.


Create the message queue if it does not exist. The owner (user ID) of the message queue is set to the effective user ID of the calling process. The group ownership (group ID) is set to the effective group ID of the calling process.


If O_CREAT was specified in oflag, and a queue with the given name already exists, then fail with the error EEXIST.

If O_CREAT is specified in oflag, then two additional arguments must be supplied. The mode argument specifies the permissions to be placed on the new queue, as for open(2). (Symbolic definitions for the permissions bits can be obtained by including <sys/stat.h>.) The permissions settings are masked against the process umask.

The attr argument specifies attributes for the queue. See mq_getattr(3) for details. If attr is NULL, then the queue is created with implementation-defined default attributes. Since Linux 3.5, two /proc files can be used to control these defaults; see mq_overview(7) for details.


On success, mq_open() returns a message queue descriptor for use by other message queue functions. On error, mq_open() returns (mqd_t) -1, with errno set to indicate the error.



The queue exists, but the caller does not have permission to open it in the specified mode.


name contained more than one slash.


Both O_CREAT and O_EXCL were specified in oflag, but a queue with this name already exists.


O_CREAT was specified in oflag, and attr was not NULL, but attr->mq_maxmsg or attr->mq_msqsize was invalid. Both of these fields must be greater than zero. In a process that is unprivileged (does not have the CAP_SYS_RESOURCE capability), attr->mq_maxmsg must be less than or equal to the msg_max limit, and attr->mq_msgsize must be less than or equal to the msgsize_max limit. In addition, even in a privileged process, attr->mq_maxmsg cannot exceed the HARD_MAX limit. (See mq_overview(7) for details of these limits.)


The process already has the maximum number of files and message queues open.


name was too long.


The system limit on the total number of open files and message queues has been reached.


The O_CREAT flag was not specified in oflag, and no queue with this name exists.


name was just "/" followed by no other characters.


Insufficient memory.


Insufficient space for the creation of a new message queue. This probably occurred because the queues_max limit was encountered; see mq_overview(7).


Multithreading (see pthreads(7))

The mq_open() function is thread-safe.




In kernels before 2.6.14, the process umask was not applied to the permissions specified in mode.

RELATED TO mq_open…


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