Get or set the unique identifier of the current host
int sethostid(long hostid);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
_BSD_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE < 500)
gethostid() and sethostid() respectively get or set a unique 32-bit identifier for the current machine. The 32-bit identifier is intended to be unique among all UNIX systems in existence. This normally resembles the Internet address for the local machine, as returned by gethostbyname(3), and thus usually never needs to be set.
The sethostid() call is restricted to the superuser.
gethostid() returns the 32-bit identifier for the current host as set by sethostid().
On success, sethostid() returns 0; on error, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.
sethostid() can fail with the following errors:
The caller did not have permission to write to the file used to store the host ID.
The calling process's effective user or group ID is not the same as its corresponding real ID.
4.2BSD; these functions were dropped in 4.4BSD. SVr4 includes gethostid() but not sethostid(). POSIX.1-2001 specifies gethostid() but not sethostid().
In the glibc implementation, the hostid is stored in the file /etc/hostid. (In glibc versions before 2.2, the file /var/adm/hostid was used.)
In the glibc implementation, if gethostid() cannot open the file containing the host ID, then it obtains the hostname using gethostname(2), passes that hostname to gethostbyname_r(3) in order to obtain the host's IPv4 address, and returns a value obtained by bit-twiddling the IPv4 address. (This value may not be unique.)
It is impossible to ensure that the identifier is globally unique.
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